Ghanaian cuisine showcase a perfect balance between spicy and healthy foods. While they prefer ginger, garlic, and shito or pepper as spices, they rely on maize, rice, yam, and bean-based diets for making comfort foods. The inclusion of starchy and nutrient foods ensures the healthy quotient of the cuisine. While Jollof rice is one of the national dishes in the country, fried foods like kose are equally enjoyed.
1. Fufu – A Popular Preparation
What is this: A dough made of cassava and green plantains mixed together, with a frequent addition of cocoyams. The side dish is traditionally consumed with soups, meat or vegetable stews, and sauces. Depending on the region, it has variant names like fufuo, foofoo, or foufou.
What does it taste like: The starchy item doesn’t have its own taste.
2. Ampesi – A complete Meal
What is this: A platter consisting of cassava, cocoyam, yam, plantain, and potatoes, all boiled, is called ampesi. However, any two or three combinations of such ingredients are also ampesi. For its accompaniments, locals go for either tomatoe and fish stew or kontomire stew.
What does it taste like: The healthy dish, full of nutrients, has multiple tastes of the ingredients, but in a subtle way.
3. Apapransa – A Traditional Item
What is this: Palm nut and cornmeal soup cooked together to result into a solid chunk piece. Cooked crabs and kidney beans are used for garnishing. From wedding to funerals, apapransa is a must in the course.
What does it taste like: The solid texture of the preparation has a tendency to be extra thick, depending on the cooking process.
4. Banku – A Staple Food
What is this: Cassava dough and fermented corn, amalgamated along with salt and water for having a dough like consistency. While Fanti group calls this banku or estew, Ewe people term this as akple.
What does it taste like: Just like fufu, it is neutral in taste, and is complemented by grilled tilapias, okra soup or hot pepper.
5. Bofrot – Ghanaian Favorite Fried Item
What is this: Fried balls with a golden brown shade. In Nigeria, this is known as puff-puff, while in Congo its name is mikate and in Liberia it is Kala.
What does it taste like: The ingredients being, yeast, flour, water, butter, and eggs make the balls soft. Sometimes they are served with vanilla or cinnamon flovors along with fruit syrups like raspberry or strawberry for a sweetening effect.
6. Chofi –Street Food from Ghana
What is this: Deep-fried turkey tails seasoned with onion and garlic. It can be served along with banku or fried yams. Also known as Tsofi, this is a common item at every home of Ghana, especially during Easter.
What does it taste like: Oily and meaty with flavors of the seasoning.
7. Red Red – Famous Vegetarian Delight
What is this: Black eyed peas cooked with tomatoes, ginger, and garlic. It earns its name from the red palm oil it is cooked in. Either fried plantains or gari(cassava made item) are consumed along with this. The non-veg variation contains fish like pilchard and mackerel.
What does it taste like: The well-cooked taste of tomatoes and peas are well balanced and you will enjoy the soupy flavor.
8. Kenkey – The Comfort Food of Locals
What is this: Fermented maize dough is steamed while wrapped in banana leaves. This is alternatively known as dorkuno, kokoe, or kormi. This comes either with mini tilapias or hot sauce or pepe.
What does it taste like: The dense dumpling like item has a sour taste.
9. Kontomire Stew – A Common Soup Preparation
What is this: Spinach or cocoyam soup along with fish or meat and spices. Gari, plantain or plain rice nicely complement the dish.
What does it taste like: The iron and fiber rich soup gives you a distinct flavor of every ingredient, mildly.
10. Kelewele – Another Fried Food
What is this: Fried plantain cubes with a spice seasoning.
What does it taste like: The crispy fries are sweet and spicy, while the exterior has a crunchy texture, the interior is really soft, blessing you with a pleasure of sweetness. Enjoy with bean stew, plain rice or just as a dessert.
11. Suya – A Ghanaian Appetizer
What is this: Barbecued meats after they are marinated with spices.
What does it taste like: The brown kebabs are crispy with a dominant meaty taste coupled with garlic and onion powder.
12. Tuo Zaafi – A Main Course
What is this: The maize made dough is a specialty of Northern Ghana.
What does it taste like: The mingling of dried cassava and maize require some hearty soup alongside to be enjoyed.
These are some typical Ghanaian dishes, but not all as something are best left for your discovery. From streets food to ceremonial delicacies, all are sure to catch your attention, or rather captivate your taste buds.